by Thaissa
A rails-like migrations script.

Everybody knows how hard is to keep a database up-to-date, when you work with more than one programmer at the same time, in the same project. On my company, we started to use a directory, containing all .sql files, with CREATE TABLEs, INSERTs and UPDATEs. But today I thought that we could make it even better to manage them.

I read about CakePHP's migration script, but just couldn't make it work. Probably my fault, I'm not a cake bake fan. Then I decided to create a script to manage all those .sql files we create, using the rails migration idea. So here's the code:


# Getting database configuration

$dir = realpath(dirname(__FILE__).'/../');

require $dir."/config/database.php";

$config = new DATABASE_CONFIG();
$config = $config->default;

# Connecting to MySQL

$link = mysql_connect($config['host'], $config['login'], $config['password']);

# Selecting database - create it if it doesn't exists

if (!mysql_select_db($config['database'], $link))
	mysql_query("CREATE DATABASE {$config['database']}", $link);
	mysql_select_db($config['database'], $link);

# Get all migrations made - create table if it doesn't exists
$sql = "SELECT file FROM migrations";
$result = mysql_query($sql);

$migrations = array();

if (!$result)
	$sql = "CREATE TABLE `migrations` (`file` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL, UNIQUE (`file`)) ENGINE = MYISAM ;";
	while ($row = mysql_fetch_array($result))
		$migrations[] = $row[0];

# Read all files from /db folder
if ($handle = opendir($dir.'/db'))
	while (false !== ($file = readdir($handle)))
		if ($file == '.' || $file == '..')

		if (!in_array($file, $migrations))
			# File hasn't been migrated yet
			# Send it to mysql
			shell_exec("mysql -u{$config['login']} -p{$config['password']} {$config['database']} < {$dir}/db/{$file}");

			# Add file name to migrations table
			mysql_query("INSERT INTO migrations (file) VALUES ('{$file}')");

die("Migration Complete.\n");


And that's it! Now all we need to do is to create files in the /db folder we created, and run "php scripts/migrations.php" every time someone adds a file there.

Hope it helps someone. And please let me know if anyone has a better idea! =)


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